The piano is also one of the most difficult instruments to get a great sound from. There are so many harmonics and playing styles to work around. You need to know the genre of music/style that the piano will be doing. Also, how the player plays it. Light? Aggressive? Dynamic? Rock? Country? Classical? Jazz? Yikes!!!!! 😛
Solo piano will require a pair of condensers aimed at the side of the piano where the lid opens up. And most likely the lid will be fully open for this type of playing. Mics need to be about 6 feet away, a couple of feet above the strings, one on the player end and one near the opposite end. You are looking for a balanced sound in low to high frequencies. Rock piano usually has more hammer sound to it so you can get closer to the strings. An XY configuration over the bridge area or split mics to cover the lows and highs works well.
What are YOUR favorite piano recording techniques?
Typically you will not need to use many mics for this style of drum set. The kick is not the main time-keeper. The hat or bass keeps the time. The snare is played with lots of dynamics and accents. The kick is also used to accent the rhythm. A stereo pair over the drummers seating area and maybe a mic on the front of the kick 2 to 4 inches is all you’ll need. It’s about the whole sound of the drum set not the individual drums, like in rock. Do not even think of trying to muffle the drums. You will get evil looks from the drummer. 😉
What are YOUR favorite live jazz recording techniques?