Oboe, Bassoon, english horn, clarinet, saxophone, recorder.
All the above can be mic’d pretty much the same as the sound emanates from the whole instrument. A ribbon works quite well on these instruments as the sound can have an edge to it that the ribbon can tame down. A condenser mic can work just as well. Place in front of the instrument about 2′ aimed towards the middle of the instrument.
Flutes, Piccolo: because the sound comes from the whole of the instrument mic-ing just the end or the mouth area will not give you the proper sound. Use a omni condenser placed above the instrument about 2′.
What are you favorite techniques for recording woodwinds?
Trumpet, bugle, cornet, and flugelhorn work well with a large diaphragm dynamic mic placed about 2′ in front of the bell.
Trombone, bass trombone, and baritone work well with a large diaphragm condenser mic placed about 2′ from the bell.
Tuba, sousaphone, and euphonium work well a large diaphragm dynamic or condenser.
These lower frequency instruments need to be mic’d farther away in order for the sound wave to develop. Mic too close and you will not get a good balance the lower frequencies.
French horn or horn (as it is called today) is a very different animal. So much of the sound is controlled by placement of the hand in the bell. The sound is very mellow not much attack. Use a large diaphragm condenser placed about 18” in front of the bell.
What are your favorite techniques for recording brass?