Oboe, Bassoon, english horn, clarinet, saxophone, recorder.
All the above can be mic’d pretty much the same as the sound emanates from the whole instrument. A ribbon works quite well on these instruments as the sound can have an edge to it that the ribbon can tame down. A condenser mic can work just as well. Place in front of the instrument about 2′ aimed towards the middle of the instrument.
Flutes, Piccolo: because the sound comes from the whole of the instrument mic-ing just the end or the mouth area will not give you the proper sound. Use a omni condenser placed above the instrument about 2′.
What are you favorite techniques for recording woodwinds?